Acquisitions for the Musée de la Révolution Française in Vizille : 1789, the Revolution


5/11/10 – Acquisitions – Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française – We conclude here a series of three articles on recent acquisitions made by the Musée de Vizille (see hereand here), this time of works from around 1789, the date of the French Revolution.


1. Hubert Robert (1733-1808)
Mountain Stream in the Ollioules Canyon, 1794
Oil on plate - D. 22,8 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Hubert Robert , Mountain Stream in the Ollioules Canyon (ill. 1). This painted plate was produced by the artist when he was in jail, between 29 October 1793 and 4 August 1794, in Sainte-Pélagie, then in Saint-Lazare, after he was arrested for suspicious activities. This is therefore obviously a work painted from memory, notably of a canvas from 1783 which was exhibited at the Salon of 1785 representing the same subject, today held at the Museum in Nice. This decorative plate was purchased from the Michel Descours Gallery in Lyon in 2007.


2. Attributed to François Masson (1745-1807)
Bust of Armand Gensonné
Marble - 68.5 x 50 x 25 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Attributed to François Masson, A Bust of Armand Gensonné (ill. 2). The model, from Gironde, was guillotined in Paris on 31 October 1793. The attribution of this marble bust is based on the style, notably in comparison to that of Jean-Charles Pichegru of 1797, held in Versailles. This sculpture, probably a posthumous portrait, was acquired from the Patrice Bellanger Gallery at the Biénnale des Antiquaires in 2007.


3. France, c. 1785-1800
Painted Pedestal
Wood, painting - 98 x 56.5 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Français

4. France, c. 1785-1800
Painted Pedestal (detail)
Wood, painting - 98 x 56.5 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française


> Anonymous artist, around 1795-1800, Pedestal (ill. 3 and 4). This wooden object has a painted fake marble effect with an allegorical frieze. It was acquired in 2008 in Lyon at the Michel Descours Gallery.


5. Pierre-Narcisse Guérin (1774-1833)
The Return of Marcus Sextius
Oil on paper marouflé on canvas - 37 x 42 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Pierre-Narcisse Guérin, The Return of Marcus Sextius (ill. 5). Also acquired in 2008, from the Jean-François Heim Gallery, this important oil on paper (marouflé on canvas) is a study with variations for the famous painting which Guérin presented at the Salon of 1799 and held today at the Louvre. Although the iconography is an original creation by the artist, and is not based on a historical event or literary source, the reference to the return of the immigrants was easily recognizable.


6. Jean Duplessi-Bertaux (1747-1818)
Day of 28, 29, 30 Prairial, Year VII Resignation of Several Directors
Pencil
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Jean Duplessi-Bertaux, the Day of 28, 29, 30 Prairial, Year VII Resignation of Several Directors (ill. 6). This drawing was donated to the museum in 2008 by Madame Georges Pébereau in memory of her brother Jean-Louis Potier, and had been in his collection (see news item, in French, of 9/6/07). The artist recounts here the resignation on 30 prairial, year VII, of the directors Merlin and La Réveillère on the insistence of the deputies from the Conseils des Anciens and of the Cinq-Cents. The scene takes place in the hall of ministers, at the Luxembourg Palace. This is a preparatory drawing for the lower part of the 140th engraving of the work Les tableaux historiques de la Révolution Française.


7. Louis Laffitte (1770-1828)
Allegory of the Commission for Public Instruction, 1795
Black chalk - 24 x 32
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Louis Laffitte, Allegory of the Commission for Public Instruction (ill. 7). The commissioning of this allegory, probably intended as a model for an engraving, but never executed, went to Laffitte, just after returning from his stay at the Académie de France in Rome in 1795. It depicts Liberty, Equality and Fraternity leaning on the declaration of Human Rights in order to sing the praises of public education. The drawing was purchased at the Michel Descours Gallery in 2008.


8. Northern Italy, c.1789/1790
The French Revolution in the Year 1789
Oil on canvas - 78 x 125 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Northern Italy, around 1789/1790, The French Revolution in the Year 1789 (ill. 8). This curious painting, in something of a naïf style, with hangings, church fires, killings, is a reflection of the anti-revolutionary propaganda found in Europe, spread by French emigrants. It was purchased from the Michel Descours Gallery.


9. Jean-Baptiste Hilair (1753-1822)
A View of the Pantheon with the Funeral Hearse of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1794
Pencil and black ink, watercolor and gouache - 53.5 x 62.6 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Jean-Baptiste Hilair, A View of the Pantheon with the Funeral Hearse of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (ill. 9). This large drawing, in watercolour and gouache, was acquired from the Coatalem Gallery. Rousseau’s ashes were transported from Ermenonville to the Pantheon during a three-day long ceremony, from 9 to 11 October 1794. The view of the Pantheon, splendidly isolated (even the church of Saint-Etinne du Mont is missing), is purely imaginative.


10. Factory of the Faubourg Saint-Denis
Model by Jean-Robert-Nicolas
Lucas de Montigny (1747-1810)
Bust of Mirabeau
Porcelaine - 23.5 x 17 cm (bust only)
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française



> Factory of the Faubourg Saint-Denis, A Bust of Mirabeau (ill. 10). The porcelain factory of the Faubourg Saint-Denis was active for about sixty years, starting in 1771, until 1834. This porcelain bust of Mirabeau, dated from about 1791, the year he died, was no doubt executed after a model of the Rouen sculptor, Jean-Robert-Nicolas Lucas de Montigny. It was acquired from the Cragesco-Cramoisan Gallery in Paris in 2009.


11. Pierre-Paul Prudhon (1758-1823)
The Law, c. 1792-1793
Pencil - 5 x 10.5 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française

12. Pierre-Paul Prudhon (1758-1823)
The Liberty, c. 1792-1793
Pencil and ink - 23 x 16.5 cm
Vizille, Musée de la Révolution Française
Photo : Musée de la Révolution Française


> Pierre-Paul Prud’hon, Law and Liberty (ill. 11 and 12). Both of these sheets were acquired by the museum at auction, the first in La Rochelle (Lavoissière & Gueilhers) in 2009, the second in Paris (Farrando & Lemoine) in 2010. These are drawings for engravings done by Jacques-Louis Copia and donated by the artists to the Comité d’Instruction Publique on 2 May 1794.

Finally, we would like to point out that the Musée Réattu in Arles placed a grisaille painting on deposit at the Musée de la Révolution Française in Vizille in 2008. The work is by Jacques Réattu, Liberty, Equality Protected by Wisdom, Govern the People.


Didier Rykner, vendredi 5 novembre 2010



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